The results of years of labor through students from worldwide, The UNESCO basic historical past of Africa displays how the various peoples of Africa view their civilizations and indicates the old relationships among many of the components of the continent. ancient connections with different continents show Africa's contribution to the improvement of human civilization. every one quantity is lavishly illustrated and features a finished bibliography.
The interval coated in quantity IV constitutes an important part within the continent's historical past, during which Africa built its personal tradition and written files grew to become extra universal. significant issues comprise the triumph of Islam; the extension of buying and selling relations,cultural exchanges, and human contacts; and the improvement of kingdoms and empires.
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Extra info for UNESCO General History of Africa, Volume 4: Africa from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century
Okay I P R E 14 F r o m the Volta to Cameroon A. F. C. RYDER 339 15 Egypt and the Muslim global J. C . G A R C I N 371 sixteen Nubia from the past due twelfth century to the Funj conquest within the early fifteenth century 398 L. ok R O P Á C E ok 17 T h e Horn of Africa: the Solomonids in Ethiopia and the states of the Horn of Africa 423 T. T A M R A T 18 T h e improvement of Swahili civilization V. V. MATVEIEV 19 among the coast and the nice lakes C. E H R E T 20 T h e nice Lakes quarter B. A. O G O T 21 T h e Zambezi and Limpopo basins: 1100-1500 B. M . F A G A N 22 Equatorial Africa and Angola: migrations and the emergence of the 1st states 551 J. VANSINA 23 Southern Africa: its peoples and social constructions 578 L . D . N G C O N G C O with the collaboration of J. Vansina 24 Madagascar and the neighbouring islands from the twelfth to the sixteenth century 597 F. E S O A V E L O M A N D R O S O 25 Relationships and exchanges one of the varied areas D . T . NIANE 26 Africa in inter-continental kinfolk 635 J. D E V I S S E with the collaboration ofS. Labib 324 455 481 498 525 614 Contents 27 end 673 D . T. NIANE M e m b e r s of the foreign clinical Committee for the drafting of a normal historical past of Africa 687 Biographies of authors Bibliography Index 735 692 689 List of figures 2. 1 2. 2 four. 1 6. 1 6. 1 6. three 6. four T h e Maghrib in the course of the i2th century-economic actions ¡6 T h e Almohad reconquest 33 Dismemberment of the Almohad empire eighty one OldManding 128 M a p of the positioning of the Niani excavation 138 Niani: plan of the websites within the Siguiri zone 13g Niani: station 1, a variety of sorts of pottery present in radiocarbon-dated layers I—III a hundred and forty 6. five Niani: station 6 D (Arab quarter), a variety of the pottery present in radiocarbon-dated layers III—VI 141 6. 6 Niani: station 6 D (Arab quarter), a range of ceramics from layers I-IIb 142 6. 7 Niani: station 1, a suite of spindle-whorls 143 6. eight Niani: station 32 (cemetery), a clay cup from burial m o u n d no. 1 a hundred and forty four 6. nine family tree of the mansas of Mali based on Ibn Khaldûn 147 6. 10 T h e Mali empire, 1325 153 6. eleven major trans-Saharan routes within the 14th century 755 7. 1 T h e states of the Sudan within the sixteenth century 17g eight. 1 T h e Songhay empire in the direction of the top of the sixteenth century J92 nine. 1 T h e Niger Bend and the Volta basin, 1100-1600 218 10. 1 Simplified extract from the massive m a p through al-Idrîsï (1154) after the reconstruction through ok . Miller in Y . Kamal, Monumenta 3(4), p. 867 240 10. 2 Simplified extract from the 'Shorter Idrïsï' (1192) after the reconstruction by way of okay . Miller, Mappe Arabicae, 1(3), p. ninety nine 241 10. three T h e Lake Chad zone (Lake KOri) after the reconstruction of an extract from the m a p by way of Ibn Sa'ïd 242 10. four Peoples and kingdoms of Chad within the 14th century 25 j 10. five Peoples and kingdoms of C h a d within the fifteenth century 25g 10. 6 family tree of the Sefuwa 26/ eleven. 1 T h e Hausa and the opposite peoples of northern Nigeria 287 12. 1 top Guinea within the fifteenth century 305 thirteen. 1 Archaeological websites at A b y lagoon 327 thirteen.