The End of Empire in French West Africa: France's Successful Decolonization?

By Tony Chafer

With a purpose to restoration its world-power prestige after the humiliation of defeat and profession, France used to be desirous to hold its in a foreign country empire on the finish of the second one global battle. but simply fifteen years later France had decolonized, and by way of 1960 just a couple of small island territories remained less than French control.The strategy of decolonization in Indochina and Algeria has been generally studied, yet less has been written approximately decolonization in France's greatest colony, French West Africa. right here, the French strategy was once considered as exemplary -- that's, a tender transition effectively controlled through good intentioned French politicians and enlightened African leaders. Overturning this obtained knowledge, Chafer argues that the quick unfurling of occasions after the second one international conflict used to be a fancy , piecemeal and unpredictable method, leading to a 'successful decolonization' that was once accomplished mostly unintentionally. At independence, the winners assumed the reins of political energy, whereas the losers have been frequently repressed, imprisoned or silenced.This very important booklet demanding situations the normal dichotomy among 'imperial' and 'colonial' background and may be of curiosity to scholars of imperial and French background, politics and diplomacy, improvement and post-colonial reviews.

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Ageron, ed. , Les Chemins de los angeles décolonisation de l’empire français, 1936–1956 (Eds du CNRS, 1986), pp. 510–11 thirteen. private notice drafted via the Governor-General after the 1956 nationwide meeting elections, quoted in J. -R. de Benoist, L’Afrique, p. 287. 14. document on a speech via Governor-General Cornut-Gentille on 30 October 1952, in ANSOM Aff. Pol. 2200/3; see additionally J. -R de Benoist, L’Afrique, p. 208; R. S. Morgenthau, Political events, pp. 402–11. – 159 – The finish of Empire in French West Africa 15. The warrior-trader Samory travelé was once well-known for having prepared Mande resistance to French rule on the finish of the 19th century. Sekou travelé claimed to be descended from him and skilfully used ‘Samorism’ to construct aid for the PDG one of the descendants of these who were linked to him, cf. R. S. Morgenthau, Political events, pp. 231–9. sixteen. A. C. Danioko, Contribution à l’étude des partis politiques au Mali de 1945 à 1960 (Thèse de 3e cycle, college of Paris VII), p. 261. 17. For a research protecting the politics of French West Africa often, see R. S. Morgenthau, Political events. For person kingdom reviews, see for instance A. R. Zolberg, One-Party executive within the Ivory Coast (Princeton collage Press, 1969); J. N. Loucou, ‘La vie politique en Côte d’Ivoire de 1932 à 1952’ (Thèse de 3e cycle, 2 vols. , college of Provence, 1976); S. C. Anignikin, ‘Les facteurs historiques de los angeles décolonisation au Dahomey’, in C. -R. Ageron, ed. , Les Chemins, pp. 505–11; M. -A. Glélé, Naissance d’un état noir (Librairie Générale de Droit et de Jurisprudence, 1969) (on Dahomey); C. Rivière, Guinea: the Mobilisation of a humans (Ithaca, 1977); A. C. Danioko, ‘Contribution à l’étude des partis politiques au Mali’; G. Gerteiny, Mauritania (Pall Mall Press, 1967); F. Fuglestad, F. , A background of Niger 1850–1960 (Cambridge college Press, 1984); A. Ly, Les Regroupements politiques au Sénégal (1956–70). (CODESRIA/Karthala, 1992); F. Zuccarelli, Un Parti Politique Africain, l’Union Progressiste Sénégalaise (Librairie Générale de Droit et de Jurisprudence, 1970). 18. Climats, 9–15 August 1951, quoted through R. S. Morgenthau, Political events, p. 123. 19. establishing speech through common De Gaulle to the Brazzaville convention, l. a. Conférence Africaine Française. Brazzaville, 30 janvier-8 février 1944 (Ministère des Colonies, 1945), p. 30. 20. Marchés Coloniaux, four April 1953, p. 1006. listed here he additionally acknowledged that assimilation used to be ‘stérilisante’ and ‘hypocrite parce qu’impossible’. 21. J. -R. de Benoist, L’Afrique, pp. 198–203. 22. Interview with Joachim Bonny, Abidjan, 18 June 1999. In Yves Person’s view, Houphouët additionally desired to steer clear of being a part of a federal regime that may be ruled via progressive radicals from different territories, see Y. individual, ‘French West Africa and Decolonization’, in P. Gifford and W. R. Louis, eds, The move of strength in Africa. Decolonization 1940–1960 (Yale collage Press, 1982), pp. 141–72. – one hundred sixty – Policy and Politics 23. Cf. interview with Doudou Guèye in Afrique Nouvelle, 19 March 1957, p.

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